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A primer on agricultural research in Germany

Germany is a federally structured country; the federal states are known as "Länder" (singular: Land). This has implications also for the organization of agricultural research.

University research is under the authority of each Land. The federal government and most Länder maintain their own research institutions for policy advice, for information for extension services, and for practitioners. In several states, chambers of agriculture, funded by contributions from farmers and the state governments, also conduct agricultural research. Research institutes with a special thematic focus have mixed funding from federal and state governments and belong to one of several associations (Fraunhofer, Helmholtz, Max-Planck, Leibniz). In addition there are other research institutes with public funding. Most institutions are members of DAFA. Check here for information on the German research system in general.

Indicative list of institutions and their funding (federal or state)